Under review

Abel, R., C. W. Boening, R. J. Greatbatch, H. T. Hewitt, M. J. Roberts: Surface momentum flux parameterization to include mechanical feedback on the atmosphere in uncoupled ocean models. Under revision at Geophys. Res. Lett.




Baker, A. J., Hodges, K. I., Schiemann, R., and Vidale, P. L., 2021. Historical variability and lifecycles of North Atlantic midlatitude cyclones originating in the tropics. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, e2020JD033924.

Bellucci, A., and Coauthors, 2021: Air-sea interactions over the Gulf Stream in an ensemble of HighResMIP present climate simulations. Clim. Dyn., accepted.

Feng, X., Li, H., Feng, X., Zhao, J. and Feng, W. (2021) Dependence of ocean wave return levels on water depth and sampling length: a focus on the South Yellow Sea. Ocean Engineering, 219. 108295. ISSN 0029-8018 doi:

Grist, J.P., S. A. Josey, B. Sinha, J. L. Catto, M. J. Roberts, A.C. Coward, 2021: Future evolution of an eddy rich ocean leads to enhanced east Atlantic storminess in a coupled model projection. GRL,

Judt, F., D. Klocke, R. Rios-Berrios, B. Vanniere, F. Ziemen, L. Auger, J. Biercamp, C. Bretherton, X. Chen, P. Duben, C. Hohenegger, M. Khairoutdinov, C. Kodama, L. Kornblueh, S.-J. Lin, M. Nakano, P. Neumann, W. Putman, N. Röber, M. Roberts, M. Satoh, R. Shibuya, B. Stevens, P. L. Vidale, N. Wedi, L. Zhou, 2021: Tropical Cyclones in Global Storm-Resolving Models. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan,

Kreussler, P., Caron, L.-P., Wild, S., Loosveldt Tomas, S., Chauvin, F., Moine, M.-P., Roberts, M.J., Ruprich-Robert, Y., Seddon, J., Valcke, S., Vanniere, B., Vidale, P.L., 2021: Tropical Cyclone Integrated Kinetic Energy in an Ensemble of HighResMIP Simulations. GRL, 48, e2020GL090963,

Moreno-Chamarro, E., L.-P. Caron, P. Ortega, S. L. Tomas, M. J. Roberts, 2021: Can we trust CMIP5/6 future projections of European winter precipitation? ERL,

Putrasahan, D., von Storch, J.-S., Gutjahr, O., Haak, H., Lohmann, K., Roberts, M.J., Jungclaus, J.: Effect of resolving ocean eddies on the transient response of global mean surface temperature to abrupt 4xCO2 forcing. GRL.

Squintu, A.A., van der Schrier, G., van den Besselaar, E., van der Linden, E., Scoccimarro, E., Roberts, C. Klein Tank, A., Roberts, M., Putrasahan, D., Senan, R., 2021: Evaluation of trends in extreme temperatures simulated by HighResMIP models across Europe. Clim. Dyn.,

Vidale, P.L., Hodges, K., Davini, P., Roberts, M., Plesca, E., Corti, S., Strommen, K., Weisheimer, A., 2021: Impact of stochastic physics and model resolution on the simulation of Tropical Cyclones in climate GCMs. J. Clim.,

Yamada, Y., Kodama, C., Satoh, M., Sugi, M., Roberts, M. J., Mizuta, R., Noda, A. T., Nasuno, T., Nakano, M., Vidale, P. L., 2021: Evaluation of the contribution of tropical cyclone seeds to changes in tropical cyclone frequency due to global warming in high-resolution multi-model ensemble simulations. Progress in Earth and planetary Science, 8, 11.

Zhang, W., G. Villarini, E. Scoccimarro, M. Roberts, P. L. Vidale, B. Vanniere, L.-P. Caron, D. Putrasahan, C. Roberts, R. Senan, M.-P. Moine, 2021: Tropical Cyclone Precipitation in the HighResMIP Atmosphere-only Experiments of the PRIMAVERA Project. Clim. Dyn.,


Bador, M., Boé, J., Terray, L., Alexander, L. V., Baker, A. J., Bellucci, A., Haarsma, R., Koenigk, T., Moine, M.-P., Lohmann, K., Putrasahan, D. A., Roberts, C., Roberts, M., Scoccimarro, E., Schiemann, R., Seddon, J., Senan, R., Valcke, S., and Vannière, B., 2020. Impact of higher spatial atmospheric resolution on precipitation extremes over land in global climate models. In press, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.

Boe, J., Terray, L., Moine, M.-P., Valcke, S., Bellucci, A., Drijfhout, S., Haarsma, R., Lohmann, K., Putrasahan, D., Roberts, C., Roberts, M., Scoccimarro, E., Seddon, J., Senan, R., Wyser, K.: Recent summer warming over western Europe in new generation climate models and errors in large-scale circulation trends. Accepted to ERL.

Fabiano, F., Christensen, H. M., Strommen, K., Athanasiadis, P., Baker, A. J., Schiemann, R., and Corti, S., 2020. Euro-Atlantic Weather Regimes in the PRIMAVERA coupled climate simulations: impact of resolution and mean state biases on model performance. Climate Dynamics 54, 5031–5048.

Fedele, G., Bellucci, A., Masina, S. et al. (2020) Decadal variability of the Kuroshio Extension: the response of the jet to increased atmospheric resolution in a coupled ocean–atmosphere model. Clim Dyn.

Feng, X., Klingaman, N., Hodges, K. and Guo, Y.-P. (2020) Western North Pacific tropical cyclones in the Met Office Global Seasonal Forecast System: performance and ENSO teleconnections. Journal of Climate, 33 (24). pp. 10489-10504. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:

Feng, X., Klingaman, N., Zhang, S. and Guo, L. (2020) Building sustainable science partnerships between early-career researchers to better understand and predict East Asia water cycle extremes. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101 (6). E785-E789. ISSN 1520-0477 doi:

Gao, J., Minobe, S, Roberts, M.J., Haarsma, R., Putrasahan, D., Roberts, C.D., Scoccimarro, E., Terray, L., Vannière, B. and  Vidale, P.L.: 2020: Influence of model resolution on bomb cyclones revealed by HighResMIP-PRIMAVERA simulations. Environmental Research Letters,

Guo, Y.-P., Feng, X., Klingaman, N. and Tan, Z.-M. (2020) Impact of Indo-Pacific warm pool Hadley circulation on the seasonal forecast performance for summer precipitation over the western North Pacific. Environmental Research Letters, 15 (10). ISSN 1748-9326 doi:

Hirschi, J. J.-M.,, Barnier, B., Böning, C., Biastoch, A., Blaker, A. T., Coward, A., Danilov, S. , Drijfhout, S., Getzlaff, K., Griffies, S. M., Hasumi, H., Hewitt, H., Iovino, D., Kawasaki, T., Kiss, A. E., Koldunov, N., Marzocchi, A., Moat, B., Molines, J.-M., Myers, P. G., Penduff, T., Roberts, M., Treguier, A.-M., Sein, D. V., Sidorenko, D., Small, J., Spence, P., Thompson, L., Weijer, W., Xu, X.: The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in high resolution models. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 125, 4, e2019JC015522.

Jackson, L.C.,·M. J. Roberts, H. T. Hewitt, D. Iovino, T. Koenigk, V. L. Meccia, C. D. Roberts, Y. Ruprich-Robert, R. A. Wood, 2019: Does ocean resolution affect the rate of AMOC weakening? Clim. Dyn., accepted.

Jiaxiang, G., Shoshiro, M., Roberts, M. J., Haarsma, R., Putrahasan, D., Roberts, C., Scoccimarro, E., Terray, L., Vanniere, B. and Vidale, P. L. (2020) Influence of model resolution on bomb cyclones revealed by HighResMIP-PRIMAVERA simulations. Environmental Research Letters, 15 (8). 084001. ISSN 1748-9326 doi:

Klaver, R., R. Haarsma, P.L. Vidale, W. Hazeleger: Effective resolution in high resolution global atmospheric models for climate studies. Atmospheric Science Letters,

Molteni, F., C. D. Roberts, R. Senan, S. P. E. Keeley, A. Bellucci, S. Corti, R. F. Franco, R. Haarsma, X. Levine, D. Putrasahan, M. J. Roberts, L. Terray, 2019: Boreal-winter teleconnections with the tropical Indo-Pacific rainfall in HighResMIP historical simulations from the PRIMAVERA project. Clim. Dyn., accepted.

Moreton, S., D. Ferreira, M. Roberts, H. Hewitt, 2020: Evaluating surface eddy properties in climate simulations with 'eddy-present' and 'eddy-rich' ocean resolution. Ocean Modelling, 147.

Roberts, M. J., J. Camp, J. Seddon, P. L. Vidale, K. Hodges, B. Vanniere, J. Mecking, R. Haarsma4, A. Bellucci, E. Scoccimarro, L.-P. Caron, F. Chauvin, L. Terray, S. Valcke, M.-P. Moine, D. Putrasahan, C. Roberts, R. Senan, C. Zarzycki, P. Ullrich, 2020: Impact of model resolution on tropical cyclone simulation using the HighResMIP-PRIMAVERA multi-model ensemble. J. Climate, 33, 7.

Roberts, M.J. and 29 Coauthors, 2020: Projected Future Changes in Tropical Cyclones using the CMIP6 HighResMIP Multi-model Ensemble. Geophys. Res. Lett., accepted.

Sainsbury, E. M., Schiemann, R. K. H., Hodges, K. I., Shaffrey, L. C., Baker, A. J., and Bhatia, K. T., 2020. How important are Post-Tropical Cyclones to European Windstorm Risk? Geophysical Research Letters 47, e2020GL089853.

Schiemann, R. and Coauthors, 2020: The representation of Northern Hemisphere blocking in current global climate models. Weather and Climate Dynamics, 1, 277-292.

Vanniere, B. Roberts, M.J., Vidale, P.L., Hodges, K., Demory, M.-E., et al., 2020: The moisture budget of tropical cyclones: large scale environmental constraints and sensitivity to model horizontal resolution. J. Clim., 33 (19): 8457–8474.


Baker, A.J., Schiemann, R., Hodges, K.I., Demory, M.-E., Mizielinski, M.S., Roberts, M.J., Shaffrey, L., Strachan, J., and Vidale, P.L., 2019. Enhanced climate change response of wintertime North Atlantic circulation, cyclonic activity and precipitation in a 25 km-resolution global atmospheric model. Journal of Climate 32, 7763–7781.

Czaja, A., Frankignoul, C., Minobe, S. and Vanniere, B. (2019) Simulating the midlatitude atmospheric circulation: what might we gain from high-resolution modeling of air-sea interactions? Current Climate Change Reports, 5. pp. 390-406. ISSN 2198-6061 doi:

Docquier, D., J. P. Grist, M. J. Roberts, C. D. Roberts, T. Semmler, L. Ponsoni, F. Massonnet, D. Sidorenko, D. Sein, D. Iovino, T. Fichefet, 2019. Impact of model resolution on Arctic sea ice and North Atlantic Ocean heat transport. Climate Dynamics,

Feng, X., Klingaman, N. P. and Hodges, K. I. (2019) The effect of atmosphere-ocean coupling on the prediction of 2016 western North Pacific tropical cyclones. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 145 (723). pp. 2425-2444. ISSN 1477-870X doi:

Feng, X. and Cheng, Y. (2019) Observing sea levels in the China seas from satellite altimetry. In: Barale, V. and Gade, M. (eds.) Remote Sensing of the Asian Seas. Springer, pp. 321-338. ISBN 978-3-319-94067-0 doi:

McCoy, D. T., Field, P. R., Elsaesser, G. S., Bodas-Salcedo, A., Kahn, B. H., Zelinka, M. D., Kodama, C., Mauritsen, T., Vanniere, B., Roberts, M., Vidale, P. L., Saint-Martin, D., Voldoire, A., Haarsma, R., Hill, A., Shipway, B. and Wilkinson, J. (2019) Cloud feedbacks in extratopical cyclones: insight from long-term satellite data and high-resolution global simulations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19. pp. 1147-1172. doi:

Roberts, M.J., Baker, A.J, Blockley, E.W., Calvert, D., Coward, A., Hewitt, H.T., Jackson, L.C., Kuhlbrodt, T., Mathiot, P., Roberts, C.D., Schiemann, R., Seddon, J., Vannière, B., and Vidale, P.L. Description of the resolution hierarchy of the global coupled HadGEM3-GC3.1 model as used in CMIP6 HighResMIP experiments. Geoscientific Model Development 12, 4999–5028.

Scaife, A.A., Camp, J., Comer, R., Davis, P., Gordon, M., MacLachlan, C., Martin, N., Nie, Y., Ren, H., Roberts, M, Robinson, W., and Vidale, P.L.,  2019. Does increased atmospheric resolution improve seasonal climate predictions? Atmospheric Science Letters,

Stevens, B., Satoh, M., Auger, L., Biercamp, J., Bretherton, C. S., Chen, X., Düben, P., Judt, F., Khairoutdinov, M., Klocke, D., Kodama, C., Kornblueh, L., Lin, S.-J., Neumann, P., Putman, W. M., Röber, N., Shibuya, R., Vanniere, B., Vidale, P. L., Wedi, N. and Zhou, L. (2019) DYAMOND: the DYnamics of the Atmospheric general circulation Modeled On Non-hydrostatic Domains. Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, 6. 61. ISSN 2197-4284 doi:

Thomas, M. A., A. Devasthale, T. Koenigk, K. Wyser, M. Roberts, C. Roberts, K. Lohmann, 2019: A statistical and process oriented evaluation of cloud radiative effects in high resolution global models. Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 1679-1702.

Vanniere B., M.-E. Demory, R. Schiemann, C. D. Roberts, M. Matsueda, L. Terray, T. Koenigk, R. Senan and P. L. Vidale (2019): Multi-model evaluation of the sensitivity of the global energy budget and hydrological cycle to resolution. Clim. Dyn.

Wu, P, Roberts, M, Martin, G, Chen, X, Zhou, T, Vidale P L (2019): The impact of horizontal atmospheric resolution in modelling air–sea heat fluxes. Q J R Meteorol Soc. 145: 3271– 3283.


Chen, X., P. Wu, M. J. Roberts, and T. Zhou (2018): Potential Underestimation of Future Mei-Yu Rainfall with Coarse-Resolution Climate Models. Journal of Climate, 31(17), 6711-6727. doi:10.1175/jcli-d-17-0741.1.

Curio, J., Schiemann, R., Hodges, K. and Turner, A. G. (2018) Climatology of Tibetan Plateau Vortices in reanalysis data and a high-resolution global climate model. Journal of Climate 32, 1933–1950.

Feng, X., Haines, K., Liu, C., de Boisséson, E. and Polo, I. (2018) Improved SST-precipitation intraseasonal relationships in the ECMWF coupled climate reanalysis. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (8). pp. 3664-3672. ISSN 0094-8276 doi:

Feng, X., Haines, K. and Boisseson, E. (2018) Coupling of surface air and sea surface temperatures in the CERA-20C reanalysis. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 144 (710). pp. 195-207. ISSN 0035-9009 doi:

Roberts, M. J. (2018), P. L. Vidale, C. Senior, H. T. Hewitt, C. Bates, S. Berthou, P. Chang, H. M. Christensen, S. Danilov, M.-E. Demory, S. M. Griffies, R. Haarsma, T. Jung, G. Martin, S. Minobe, T. Ringler, M. Satoh, R. Schiemann, E. Scoccimarro, G. Stephens, and M. F. Wehner (2018): The Benefits of Global High Resolution for Climate Simulation: Process Understanding and the Enabling of Stakeholder Decisions at the Regional Scale. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99, 2341-2359.

Schiemann, R., Vidale, P. L., Shaffrey, L. C., Johnson, S. J., Roberts, M. J., Demory, M.-E., Mizielinski, M. S. and Strachan, J. (2018): Mean and extreme precipitation over European river basins better simulated in a 25km AGCM. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 22 (7). pp. 3933-3950.

Williams, K., Copsey, D., Blockley, E., Bodas-Salcedo, A., Calvert, D., Comer, R., Davis, P., Graham, T., Hewitt, H., Hill, R., Hyder, P., Ineson, S., Johns, T., Keen, A., Lee, R., Megann, A., Milton, S., Rae, J., Roberts, M., Scaife, A., Schiemann, R., Storkey, D., Thorpe, L., Watterson, I., Walters, D., West, A., Wood, R., Woollings, T., and Xavier, P. (2018): The Met Office Global Coupled model 3.0 and 3.1 (GC3 and GC3.1) configurations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10, 357-380.

Zhang, L., T. Zhou, N. P. Klingaman, P. Wu, and M. Roberts (2018): Effect of Horizontal Resolution on the Representation of the Global Monsoon Annual Cycle in AGCMs. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 35(8), 1003-1020. doi:10.1007/s00376-018-7273-9.


Fang, Y., Wu, P., Mizielinski, M. S., Roberts, M. J., Wu, T., Li, B., Vidale, P. L., Demory, M.-E. and Schiemann, R. (2017): High-resolution simulation of the boreal summer intra-seasonal oscillation in Met Office unified model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 143 (702). pp. 362-373. doi: 10.1002/qj.2927

Guo, L., Klingaman, N. P., Vidale, P. L., Turner, A. G., Demory, M.-E. and Cobb, A. (2017): Contribution of tropical cyclones to atmospheric moisture transport and rainfall over East Asia. Journal of Climate, 30 (10). pp. 3853-3865. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0308.1

Hewitt, H.T., Bella, M.J., Chassignet, E.P., Czaja, A., Ferreira, D., Griffies, S.M. Hyder, P., McClean, J.L., New, A.L., and Roberts, M.J. (2017): Will high-resolution global ocean models benefit coupled predictions on short-range to climate timescales? Ocean Modelling, 120, 120-136. doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2017.11.002

Hodges, K., Cobb, A. and Vidale, P. L. (2017): How well are Tropical Cyclones represented in reanalysis data sets? Journal of Climate, 30 (14). pp. 5243-5264. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0557.1

Kendon, E. J., N. Ban, H. J. Fowler, N. M. Roberts, M. J. Roberts, S. C. Chan, G. Fosser, J. P. Evans, J. M. Wilkinson (2017): Using new high resolution models to assess the reliability of regional climate projections. BAMS. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-0004.1

Nakamura, J., Camargo, S. J., Sobel, A. H., Henderson, N., Emanuel, K. A., Kumar, A., LaRow, T. E., Murakami, H., Roberts, M. J., Scoccimarro, E., Vidale, P. L., Wang, H., Wehner, M. F. and Zhao, M. (2017): Western North Pacific tropical cyclone model tracks in present and future climates. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122 (18). pp. 9721-9744. doi: 10.1002/2017jd027007

Ogata, T., S.J. Johnson, R. Schiemann, M.-E. Demory, R. Mizuta, K. Yoshida, O. Arakawa (2017): The resolution sensitivity of the Asian Summer Monsoon and its Inter-Model Comparison between MRI-AGCM and MetUM. Climate Dynamics 49, pp 3345–3361doi: 10.1007/s00382-016-3517-5.

Schiemann, R, M.-E. Demory, L.C. Shaffrey, J. Strachan, P.L. Vidale, M.S. Mizielinski, M.J. Roberts, M. Matsueda, M.F. Wehner, T. Jung (2017): The resolution sensitivity of northern hemisphere blocking in four 25-km atmospheric global circulation models. J. Clim. 30, 337-358. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0100.1

Stephan, C. C., Klingaman, N. P., Vidale, P. L., Turner, A. G., Demory, M.-E. and Guo, L. (2017): A comprehensive analysis of coherent rainfall patterns in China and potential drivers. Part II: intraseasonal variability. Climate Dynamics. doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3904-6

Stephan, C. C., Klingaman, N. P., Vidale, P. L., Turner, A. G., Demory, M.-E. and Guo, L. (2017): A comprehensive analysis of coherent rainfall patterns in China and potential drivers. Part I: interannual variability. Climate Dynamics. doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3882-8

Vanniere, B., Czaja, A. and Dacre, H. (2017) Contribution of the cold sector of extratropical cyclones to mean state features in winter. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 143 (705). pp. 1990-2000. ISSN 1477-870X doi:

Vannière, B., Czaja, A., Dacre, H. and Woollings, T. (2017) A “cold path” for the Gulf Stream–troposphere connection. Journal of Climate, 30 (4). pp. 1363-1379. ISSN 1520-0442 doi:

Sheldon, L., Czaja, A., Vannière, B., Morcrette, C., Sohet, B., Casado, M. and Smith, D. (2017) A ‘warm path’ for Gulf Stream–troposphere interactions. Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 69 (1). 1299397. ISSN 1600-0870 doi:

Walters, D., Brooks, M., Boutle, I., Melvin, T., Stratton, R., Vosper, S., Wells, H., Williams, K., Wood, N., Allen, T., Bushell, A., Copsey, D., Earnshaw, P., Edwards, J., Gross, M., Hardiman, S., Harris, C., Heming, J., Klingaman, N., Levine, R., Manners, J., Martin, G., Milton, S., Mittermaier, M., Morcrette, C., Riddick, T., Roberts, M., Sanchez, C., Selwood, P., Stirling, A., Smith, C., Suri, D., Tennant, W., Vidale, P. L., Wilkinson, J., Willett, M., Woolnough, S. and Xavier, P. (2017): The Met Office Unified Model Global Atmosphere 6.0/6.1 and JULES Global Land 6.0/6.1 configurations. Geosci. Model Dev. 10, 1487-1520 doi: 10.5194/gmd-10-1487-2017.


Haarsma, R. J., Roberts, M. J., Vidale, P. L., Senior, C. A., Bellucci, A., Bao, Q., Chang, P., Corti, S., Fučkar, N. S., Guemas, V., von Hardenberg, J., Hazeleger, W., Kodama, C., Koenigk, T., Leung, L. R., Lu, J., Luo, J. J., Mao, J., Mizielinski, M. S., Mizuta, R., Nobre, P., Satoh, M., Scoccimarro, E., Semmler, T., Small, J., and von Storch, J. S. (2016): High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP). Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 4185-4208

Hewitt, H. T., M. J. Roberts, P. Hyder, S. E. Belcher, R. Bourdalie-Badie, D. Copsey, A. Coward, C. Guiavarch, C. Harris, R. Hill, J. Hirschi, G. Madec, M. Mizielinski, E. Neininger, A. New, J. Rae, J.-C. Rioual, B. Sinha, D. Storkey, A. Shelly, L. Thorpe, and R. A. Wood (2016): The impact of resolving the Rossby radius at mid-latitudes in the ocean: results from a high-resolution version of the Met Office GC2 coupled model. Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 3655-3670. doi: 10.5194/gmd-9-3655-2016

Johnson, S. J., Levine, R. C., Turner, A. G., Martin, G. M., Woolnough, S. J., Schiemann, R., Mizielinski, M. S., Roberts, M. J., Vidale, P. L., Demory, M.-E. and Strachan, J. (2016) The resolution sensitivity of the South Asian monsoon and Indo-Pacific in a global 0.35◦ AGCM. Climate Dynamics, 46 (3-4). pp. 807-831. doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2614-1

Kendon, E. J., Ban, N., Roberts, N. M., Fowler, H. J., Roberts, M. J., Chan, S. C., Evans, J. P., Fosser, G., and Wilkinson, J. M., 2016. Do convection-permitting regional climate models improve projections of future precipitation change? Bull. Am. Met. Soc. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-0004.1

Roberts, M. J., H. T. Hewitt, P. Hyder, D. Ferreira, S. A. Josey, M. Mizielinski, and A. Shelly, 2016: Impact of ocean resolution on coupled air-sea fluxes and large-scale climate. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL070559. 

Tous, M., Zappa, G., Romero, R., Shaffrey, L. and Vidale, P. L. (2016) Projected changes in medicanes in the HadGEM3 N512 high-resolution global climate model. Climate Dynamics, 47, 1913-1924 doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2941-2

Vannière, B., Czaja, A., Dacre, H., Woollings, T. and Parfitt, R., 2016. A potential vorticity signature for the cold sector of winter extratropical cyclones. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 142: 432–442. doi: 10.1002/qj.2662

Vellinga, M., Roberts, M., Vidale, P. L., Mizielinski, M. S., Demory, M.-E., Schiemann, R., Strachan, J. and Bain, C.(2016) Sahel decadal rainfall variability and the role of model horizontal resolution. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 326-333. doi: 10.1002/2015GL066690

Zhang, L., P. Wu, T. Zhou, M. Roberts, R. Schiemann, 2016: Added value of high resolution models in simulating global precipitation characteristics. Atmos. Sci. Lett., 17, 646-657, doi:10.1002/asl.715.


Baker, A. J., Sodemann, H., Baldini, J. U. L., Breitenbach, S. F. M., Johnson, K. R., van Hunen, J., and Zhang, P., 2015. Seasonality of westerly moisture transport in the East Asian summer monsoon and its implications for interpreting precipitation δ18O. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, 5850–5862. doi: 10.1002/2014JD022919

Birch, C., M. Roberts, L. Garcia-Carreras, D. Ackerley, M. Reeder, A. Lock and R. Schiemann (2015): Sea breeze dynamics and convection initiation: the influence of convective parameterisation in weather and climate model biases. J. Clim, 28, 8093-8108. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00850.1

Camp, J., M. Roberts, C. MacLachlan , E. Wallace, L. Hermanson, A. Brookshaw, A. Arribas, A. Scaife (2015): Seasonal forecasting of tropical storms using the Met Office high resolution seasonal forecast system. QJRMS. doi:

Daloz, A. S., S. J. Camargo, J. P. Kossin, K. Emanuel, M. Horn, J. A. Jonas, D. Kim, T. LaRow, Y.-K. Lim, C.M. Patricola, M. J. Roberts, E. Scoccimarro, D. Shaevitz, P. L. Vidale, H. Wang, M. Wehner, and M. Zhao, 2015. Cluster analysis of explicitly and downscaled simulated North Atlantic tropical cyclone tracks. J. Clim., 28, 1333-1361, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00646.1

Johnson, S., Levine, R., Turner, A., Martin, G., Woolnough, S., Schiemann, R., Mizielinski, M., Roberts, M., Vidale, P. L., Demory, M.-E. and Strachan, J. (2015) The resolution sensitivity of the South Asian monsoon and Indo-Pacific in a global 0.35◦ AGCM. Climate Dynamics 46, 807-831. doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2614-1

Liu, C., Allan, R. P., Berrisford, P., Mayer, M. , Hyder , P. , Loeb, N. , Smith, D. , Vidale, P.-L. and Edwards, J. M. (2015) Combining satellite observations and reanalysis energy transports to estimate global net surface energy fluxes 1985-2012. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120 (18). pp. 9374-9389. doi: 10.1002/2015JD023264

Roberts, M. J., P. L. Vidale, M. Mizielinski, M.-E. Demory, R. Schiemann, J. Strachan, K. Hodges, J. Camp, R. Bell, 2014: Tropical cyclones in the UPSCALE ensemble of high resolution global climate models. J. Clim. 28, 574-596, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00131.1.

Shaevitz, D. A. , S. J. Camargo, A. H. Sobel, J. A. Jonas, D. Kim, A. Kumar, T. E. LaRow, Y.-K. Lim, H. Murakami, K. Reed, M. J. Roberts, E. Scoccimarro, P. L. Vidale, H. Wang, M. F. Wehner, M. Zhao, and N. Henderson, 2015. Characteristics of tropical cyclones in high-resolution models of the present climate. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 6, 1154–1172, doi: 10.1002/2014MS000372

Tous, M., G. Zappa, R. Romero, L. Shaffrey, P. L. Vidale (2015) Projected changes in medicanes in the HadGEM3 N512 high-resolution global climate model. Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2941-2

Walsh, K. J. E. , S. J. Camargo, G. A. Vecchi. A. S. Daloz, J. Elsner, K. Emanuel, M. Horn, Y.-K. Lim, M. J. Roberts, C. Patricola, E. Scoccimarro, A. H. Sobel, S. Strazzo, G. Villarini, M. Wehner, M. Zhao, J. Kossin, T. LaRow, K. Oouchi, S. Schubert, H. Wang, J. Bacmeister, P. Chang, F. Chauvin, C. Jablonowski, H. Murakami, T. Ose, K. A. Reed, R. Saravanan, Y. Yamada, C. M. Zarzycki, P. L. Vidale, J. A. Jonas, and N. Henderson, 2015. Hurricanes and climate: the U.S. CLIVAR working group on hurricanes. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 6, 997-1017, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00242.1

Williams, K. D., Harris, C. M., Bodas-Salcedo, A., Camp, J., Comer, R. E., Copsey, D., Fereday, D., Graham, T., Hill, R., Hinton, T., Hyder, P., Ineson, S., Masato, G., Milton, S. F., Roberts, M. J., Rowell, D. P., Sanchez, C., Shelly, A., Sinha, B., Walters, D. N., West, A., Woollings, T., and Xavier, P. K. (2015): The Met Office Global Coupled model 2.0 (GC2) configuration. Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 1509-1524, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-1509-2015


Allan, R. P., C. Liu, N. G. Loeb, M. D. Palmer, M. Roberts, D. Smith, and P. L. Vidale, 2014: Changes in global net radiative imbalance 1985-2012. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 5588-5597, doi: 10.1002/2014GL060962.

Bell, R., K. Hodges, P. L. Vidale, J. Strachan, M. Roberts, 2014: Simulation of the global ENSO-tropical cyclone teleconnection by a high-resolution coupled general circulation model. J. Clim., doi:

Demory, M.-E., P. L. Vidale, M. J. Roberts, P. Berrisford, J. Strachan, R. Schiemann, M. S. Mizielinski, 2014: The role of horizontal resolution in simulating drivers of the global hydrological cycle. Clim. Dyn., 42, 2201-2225, doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1924-4

Kendon, E. J., N. M. Roberts, H. J. Fowler, M. J. Roberts, S. C. Chan, C. A. Senior, 2014: Heavier summer downpours with climate change revealed by weather forecast resolution model. Nature Climate Change, 4, 570-576, doi:10.1038/nclimate2258

Mizielinski, M. S., M. J. Roberts, P. L. Vidale, R. Schiemann, M.-E. Demory, J. Strachan, T. Edwards, A. Stephens, B. N. Lawrence, M. Pritchard, P. Chiu, A. Iwi, J. Churchill, C. del Cano Novales, J. Kettleborough, W. Roseblade, P. Selwood, M. Foster, M. Glover, A. Malcolm, 2014: High resolution global climate modelling; the UPSCALE project, a large simulation campaign. Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 1629-1640, doi: 10.5194/gmd-7-1629-2014

Schiemann, R., Demory, M.-E., Mizielinski, M. S., Roberts, M. J., Shaffrey, L. C., Strachan, J. and Vidale, P. L., 2014: The sensitivity of the tropical circulation and Maritime Continent precipitation to climate model resolution. Clim. Dyn., doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1997-0

Walters, D. N., K. D. Williams, I. A. Boutle, A. C. Bushell, J. M. Edwards, P. R. Field, A. P. Lock, C. J. Morcrette, R. A. Stratton, J. M. Wilkinson, M. R. Willett, N. Bellouin, A. Bodas-Salcedo, M. E. Brooks, D. Copsey, P. D. Earnshaw, S. C. Hardiman, C. M. Harris, R. C. Levine, C. MacLachlan , J. C. Manners, G. M. Martin, S. F. Milton, M. D. Palmer, M. J. Roberts, J. M. Rodríguez, W. J. Tennant, P. L. Vidale, 2014:The Met Office Unified Model Global Atmosphere 4.0 and JULES Global Land 4.0 configurations. Geosci. Mod. Dev., 7, 361-386, doi:10.5194/gmd-7-361-2014

Vanniere, B., Guilyardi, E., Toniazzo, T., Madec, G. and Woolnough, S. (2014) A systematic approach to identify the sources of tropical SST errors in coupled models using the adjustment of initialised experiments. Climate Dynamics, 43 (7-8). pp. 2261-2282. ISSN 1432-0894 doi:


Bell, R., J. Strachan, P. L. Vidale, K. Hodges and M. Roberts, 2013: Response of tropical cyclones to climate change in a global high resolution coupled general ciruclation model. J. Clim., 26, 7966–7980, doi:

Berckmans, J., T. Woollings, M.-E. Demory, P. L. Vidale and M. J. Roberts, 2013: Atmospheric blocking in a high resolution climate model: influences of mean state, orography and eddy forcing. Atmosph. Sci. Lett., 14, 34–40, doi: 10.1002/asl2.412

Chan, S. C., E. J. Kendon, H. J. Fowler, S. Blenkinsop, C. A. T. Ferro, D. B. Stephenson, 2013: Does increasing the spatial resolution of a regional climate model improve the simulated daily precipitation? Clim. Dyn., 41, 1475-1495, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1568-9

Dawson, A., A. J. Matthews, D. P. Stevens, M. J. Roberts and P. L. Vidale, 2013:Importance of oceanic resolution and mean state on the extra-tropical response to El Niño in a matrix of coupled models. Climate Dynamics, 41, 1439-1452, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1518-6

Lloyd-Hughes, B., L. C. Shaffrey, P. L. Vidale, N. W. Arnell, 2013: An evaluation of the spatiotemporal structure of large-scale European drought within the HiGEM climate model. International Journal of Climatology, 33 (8), 2024-2035, doi: 10.1002/joc.3570

Strachan, J., P. L. Vidale, K. Hodges, M. J. Roberts and M.-E. Demory, 2013: Investigating global tropical cyclone activity with a hierarchy of AGCMs: the role of model resolution. Journal of Climate, 26 (1), 133-152, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00012.1

Vanniere, B., Guilyardi, E., Madec, G., Doblas-Reyes, F. J. and Woolnough, S. (2013) Using seasonal hindcasts to understand the origin of the equatorial cold tongue bias in CGCMs and its impact on ENSO. Climate Dynamics, 40 (3-4). pp. 963-981. ISSN 0930-7575 doi:


Custodio, M. d. S., R. P. Rocha, P. L. Vidale, 2012: Analysis of precipitation climatology simulated by high resolution coupled global models over the South America. Hydrological Research Letters, 6, 92-97.

Hawkins, E. and P. L. Vidale, 2012: Meteorology: Counting the coming storms. Nature Climate Change, 2 (8), 574-575, doi: 10.1038/nclimate1639

Holloway, C. E., S. J. Woolnough, G. M. S. Lister, 2012: The effects of explicit versus parameterized convection on the MJO in a large-domain high-resolution tropical case study. Part I: Characterization of large-scale organization and propagation. J. Atmos. Sci., 70, 1342-1369, doi:

Kendon, E. J., N. M. Roberts, C. A. Senior, M. J. Roberts, 2012: Realism of rainfall in a very high resolution regional climate model, Journal of Climate, 25 (17), 5791-5806, doi:


Allan, R. P., M. J. Woodage, S. F. Milton, M. E. Brooks, J. M. Haywood, 2011: Examination of long-wave radiative bias in general circulation models over North Africa during May-July. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 1179-1192, doi: 10.1002/qj.717

Balan Sarojini, B., J. M. Gregory, R. Tailleux, G. R. Bigg, A. T. Blaker, D. R. Cameron, N. R. Edwards, A. P. Megann, L. C. Shaffrey, B. Sinha, 2011: High frequency variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, Ocean Sciences, 7, 471-486, doi: 10.5194/os-7-471-2011

Catto, J., L. C. Shaffrey and K. I. Hodges, 2011: Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Cyclones in a Warming Climate in the HiGEM High Resolution Climate Model, Journal of Climate, 24, 5336-5352, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4181.1

Diro, G., T. Toniazzo and L. C. Shaffrey, 2011: Ethiopian Rainfall in Climate Models. In: African climate and climate change: physical, social and political perspectives, 43, 51-69. New York, Springer.

Lee, M.-M., A. J. George Nurser, I. Stevens and J.-B. Sallée, 2011: Subduction over the southern Indian Ocean in a high-resolution atmosphere-ocean coupled model, Journal of Climate, 24, 3830-3849, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI3888.1

Martin, G. M., N. Bellouin, W. J. Collins, I. D. Culverwell, P. R. Halloran, S. C. Hardiman, T. J. Hinton, C. D. Jones, R. E. McDonald, A. J. McLaren, F. M. O'Connor, M. J. Roberts, J. M. Rodriguez, S. Woodward, M. J. Best, M. E. Brooks, A. R. Brown, N. Butchart, C. Dearden, S. H. Derbyshire, I. Dharssi, M. Doutriaux-Boucher, J. M. Edwards, P. D. Falloon, N. Gedney, L. J. Gray, H. T. Hewitt, M. Hobson, M. R. Huddleston, J. Hughes, S. Ineson, W. J. Ingram, P. M. James, T. C. Johns, C. E. Johnson, A. Jones, C. P. Jones, M. M. Joshi, A. B. Keen, S. Liddicoat, A. P. Lock, A. V. Maidens, J. C. Manners, S. F. Milton, J. G. L. Rae, J. K. Ridley, A. Sellar, C. A. Senior, I. J. Totterdell, A. Verhoef, P. L. Vidale, A. Wiltshire, 2011: The HadGEM2 family of Met Office Unified Model climate configurations. Geoscientific Model Development, 4 (3), 723-757, doi: 10.5194/gmd-4-723-2011

Scaife, A. A., D. Copsey, C. Gordon, C. Harris, T. Hinton, S.J. Keeley, A. O'Neill, M. Roberts and K. Williams, 2011: Improved Atlantic Blocking in a Climate Model.Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L23703, doi: 10.1029/2011GL049573

Walters, D. N., M. J. Best, A. C. Bushell, D. Copsey, J. M. Edwards, P. D. Falloon, C. M. Harris, A. P. Lock, J. C. Manners, C. J. Morcrette, M. J. Roberts, R. A. Stratton, S. Webster, J. M. Wilkinson, M. R. Willett, I. A. Boutle, P. D. Earnshaw, P. G. Hill, C. MacLachlan, G. M. Martin, W. Moufouma-Okia, M. D. Palmer, J. C. Petch, G. G. Rooney, A. A. Scaife and K. D. Williams, 2011: The Met Office Unified Model Global Atmosphere 3.0/3.1 and JULES Global Land 3.0/3.1 configurations, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 919-941, doi:10.5194/gmd-4-919-2011


Catto, J., L. C. Shaffrey and K. I. Hodges, 2010: Can climate models capture the structure of extratropical cyclones? Journal of Climate, 23, 1621-1635, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3318.1

Dawson, A., A. J. Matthews, D. P. Stevens., 2010: Rossby wave dynamics of the North Pacific extra-tropical response to El Niño: importance of the basic state in coupled GCMs. Climate Dynamics, 37, 391-405.

Rickard, G. J., M. J. Roberts, M. J. M. Williams, A. Dunn, M. H. Smith, 2010: Mean circulation and hydrography in the Ross Sea sector, Southern Ocean: representation in numerical models. Antarctic Science, 22 (5), 533-558.

Sherwood, S. C., W. Ingram, Y. Tsushima, M. Satoh, M. J. Roberts, P. L. Vidale, P. A. O'Gorman, 2010: Relative humidity changes in a warmer climate. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, D09104, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012585

Woodage, M. J., A. Slingo, S. Woodward, R. E. Comer, 2010: U.K. HiGEM: Simulations of Desert Dust and Biomass Burning Aerosols with a High-Resolution Atmospheric GCM. Journal of Climate, 23, 1636-–1659, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2994.1

Woollings, T., 2010: Dynamical influences on European climate: an uncertain future. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 368, 3733-3756.


Challinor, A., T. Osborne, A. Morse, L. Shaffrey, T. Wheeler, H. Weller and P. L. Vidale, 2009: Methods and resources for climate impacts research: achieving synergy. B. Amer. Met. Soc., 90, 836-848.

Roberts, M. J., A. Clayton, M.-E. Demory, J. Donners, P. L. Vidale, W. Norton, L. Shaffrey, D. P. Stevens, I. Stevens, R. A. Wood and J. Slingo, 2009: Impact of resolution on the tropical Pacific circulation in a matrix of coupled models. J. Climate, 22, 2541-2556, doi:

Shaffrey, L. C., I. Stevens, W. Norton, M. J. Roberts, P. L. Vidale, J. D. Harle, A. Jrrar, D. P. Stevens, M. J. Woodage, M.-E. Demory, J. Donners, D. B. Clark, A. Clayton, J. W. Cole, S. S. Wilson, W. M. Connolley, T. M. Davies, A. M. Iwi, T. C. Johns, J. C. King, A. L. New, J. M. Slingo, A. Slingo, L. Steenman-Clark and G. M. Martin, 2009: U.K. HiGEM: The New U.K. High-Resolution Global Environment Model - Model Description and Basic Evaluation. Journal of Climate, 22 (8), 1861-1896, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2508.1

Slingo, J., K. Bates, N. Nikiforakis, M. Piggott, M. Roberts, L. Shaffrey, I. Stevens, P. L. Vidale and H. Weller, 2009: Developing the next generation climate system models: Challenges and achievements. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 367, 815-831, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0207

Yang, G.-Y., J. Slingo, B. Hoskins, 2009: Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves in High-Resolution Hadley Centre Climate Models. Journal of Climate, 22, 1897-1919, doi:


Roberts, M. J., H. Banks, N. Gedney, J. Gregory, R. Hill, S. Mullerworth, A. Pardaens, G. Rickard, R. Thorpe, R. Wood, 2004: Impact of an eddy-permitting ocean resolution on control and climate change simulations with a global coupled GCM. Journal of Climate, 17, 3-20.


Reports and articles

Shaffrey, L., L. Steenman-Clark, G. Lister, D. Stevens, J. Beech-Brandt, T. Edwards, 2010: HiGEM Decadal Predictions. Final Cray Centre of Excellence Report

Vidale, P. L., M. Roberts, K. Hodges, J. Strachan, M.-E. Demory and J. Slingo, 2010: Tropical Cyclones in a hieararchy of climate models of increasing resolution.In: Charabi, Y. (ed.) Indian ocean tropical cyclones and climate change. Earth and environmental science, 1, 9-14, Springer, doi: 10.1007/978-90-481-3109-9_2

High Resolution Climate Modelling and the Reinsurance Industry, 2010: Economic Valuation Report produced for NERC by DTZ

Roberts, M. J., J. Donners, J. Harle, and I. Stevens, 2008: Impact of relative atmosphere-ocean resolution on coupled climate models. CLIVAR Exchanges, 44, International CLIVAR Project Office, Southampton, United Kingdom, 8-11.

Strachan J. and Willis Analytics, 2007: The use of high-resolution global climate models for climate risk assessment. Catastrophe Modelling Forum, New York City, Extended Abstract (available from